Vibration Analysis Category 3

BINDT PCN Accredited to ISO 18436-2 (BINDT PCN Certification Exam)

Reduce downtime and increase productivity by investing in the expertise of your personnel. Vibration Monitoring is a cost-effective strategy for condition monitoring rotating & reciprocating plant.

Who Should Attend

Managers, Engineers, Analysts, Supervisors, Technicians and Operators who wish to learn about basic vibration monitoring and analysis in the areas of Operations, Maintenance, Engineering, Reliability and Condition Monitoring  for example from the following industries:

  • Aerospace & Aviation
  • Facilities, Banking & Utilities
  • Food & Beverage
  • Manufacturing
  • Mining & Minerals, Cement & Fertilisers
  • Oil & Gas, Petrochemical & Chemical
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Power Gen, Transmission & Distribution

Course Objectives

This course is based on the ISO 18436-2:2014 certification program for Vibration Analyst Category III & is designed to prepare staff for the Category III Certification Exam. The course is 
accredited to BINDT PCN CM GEN App D.
VA Category III Personnel require all the knowledge, experience and skills of VA Cat I and Cat II, and in addition shall at least:

  • be able to design, direct and establish routine CM programmes and troubleshooting;
  • be able to specify the appropriate vibration  instrumentation hardware, software, &  processing for portable and fixed monitoring systems
  • have an in-depth knowledge of the principles  and techniques of machinery VA and be able to make initial diagnoses of suspected faults beyond the range of commonly encountered issues. E.g. frequency spectra, time  waveforms & orbits, transfer functions, basic operating deflection shapes, & acceleration enveloping; 
  • be able to manage CM programmes, evaluate alarm sets, write working procedures and specify vibration acceptance testing procedures;
  • be able to initiate and validate machinery corrective actions including in situ two-plane rigid rotor balancing;
  • be able to recommend restrictions to machine operation;
  • be able to understand and direct, when necessary, alternative CM technologies to verify or investigate issues raised through routine data collection;
  • be able to provide technical guidance to and instruct category I and II personnel

Difficulty Level:

Note: VA Cat II Qualification is a pre-requisite for this course.

Course Content

This course is in accordance with the ISO 18436-2 certification program for VA Category III. The following is covered:

Day 1

Condition Based Maintenance
Selecting CM Techniques
■ Task 1: Selecting VA & Alternative CM
Techniques (3†)
Range of CM Techniques, Infrared Thermography (IRT); Acoustic Emission (AE); Ultrasonic Testing (UT), Lubricant Management (LM) - tribology and  wear debris analysis; motor current analysis  (MCA), Vibration (VA); Understanding Measurement Intervals and Lead Time to Failure
Principles of Vibration – Part 1
Definition of Vibration, Single and Multiple Degree of Freedom Systems, Basic Motion, Measuring Vibration
■ Task 2: Measuring Velocity
■ Task 3: Vibration Waveform Exercises (3†)
Waveform Descriptors, Adding Sinusoidal Vibrations, Orbit analysis, Lissajous figures, Windowing
■ Task 4: Vibration Mixtures (4†)
■ Task 5: Vibration Waveform Descriptors

Day 2

Principles of Vibration – Part 2
Vibration Parameters & Converting Units
■ Task 6: Calculating Parameters and Converting Units
Time and Frequency Domain, Enveloping, Vectors, modulation, Phase detection methods, Octave Band Analysis
Introduction to Resonance
Natural Frequency, Resonance, Critical Speeds Effects of Resonance, Resonance Plots, Identifying Resonance, Machine Self-excitation, Exciter (Shaker) Test, Hammer Test, Coast Down, Modal Hammer, operating deflection shapes (ODS), Mobility & Compliance
■ Task 7: Identify a Resonance
■ Task 8: Case History
Modal techniques and operational deflection shapes, Resonance Correction: Isolation and mounting systems, Specifying Isolators, Dynamic vibration absorber, Change of Mass & Stiffness
■ Task 9: Case History

Day 3

Data Acquisition – Instrumentation
■ Task 10: Choice of Monitoring System
Online Monitoring Systems, Portable Vibration Data Collection Systems, Transducers, Transducer Characteristics, Examples of Vibration Transducers & Accessories, Mounting
Transducers, Adhesive Cure Times, Relative and  Absolute Vibration Measurement, Calibration, Runout compensation
■ Task 11: Performance of Different Transducer Types
Data Acquisition – Measurement
Vibration Measurement, Vibration Standards, Overall Vibration, Common ISO Vibration Standards, ISO 10816, ISO 7919, ISO 2372 and ISO 3945 (Superseded) Vibration Limit Zones, Vibration Severity  Bandwidths, Relative Vibration
■ Task 12: Vibration Standards Exercises (9†)
■ Task 13: Vibration Fault Exercise
■ Task 14: Setting up and Taking Measurements
Recognising Poor Data
Reasons for Poor (Invalid) Readings
■ Task 15: Recognising Invalid Readings (5†)
Poor Data Recognition Hints

Day 4

Monitoring Program Set-up
Managing CM Programs, Setting up Measurements, Route-based Data Collection, Identifying Equipment, Recording Equipment Information, Advanced Machinery Knowledge: Machinery Types, Electric Motor Characteristics, Rolling Element Bearing Characteristics, Measurement Point Conventions
■ Task 16: Allocating Measurement Points Identifying Machines and Measurement Points
■ Task 17: Identifying Machine Components
■ Task 18: Recognising Asset Types
Typical Vibration Data Collection Parameters, Reports
Vibration Frequency & Signal Analysis
FFT Terminology, FFT Features, Plots: trending, spectra, Waterfall Plot, Time trace, Phase, Bode, Nyquist & Campbell plots. Spectrum Resolution, Dynamic Range, Signal-Noise Ratio, Signal
Clipping and Truncation, Synchronous Time  Averaging, Filters, FFT Analogue to Digital Conversion, FFT Averaging, Windowing: E.g. Hanning, Hamming, Uniform, Flattop. FFT Application, Enveloping,
Fault Analysis
Fault Finding, Unbalance, Misalignment, Looseness, Bearing Damage, Rubs, Oil Whirl, Cavitation, Rotating Stall, Gear Mesh, Electric Motor Defects. Processing-related errors, incorrect Fmax, sampling time, integration etc. Identify Machine Characteristics, Vibration Fault Finding Chart
■ Task 19: Recognising Faults (4†) Practical Fault Finding Examples
■ Task 20: Vibration Frequency & Signal Analysis (8†)
■ Task 21: Case History Typical Maintenance Actions

Day 5

Corrective Action
Introduction to Unbalance, Types of Rotor, Types of Unbalance, Balancing Methods, Unbalance and Eccentricity, Balance Quality, Alignment Tolerances,
■ Task 22: Specifying Balance Quality (3†) Single & Twin-Plane Balancing
■ Task 23: Single-Plane Balancing with Phase
■ Task 24: Twin-Plane Balancing with Phase
Training Examination & Course Review
Course Assessment
Optional BINDT PCN VA Cat III Exam*


5 days including optional BINDT PCN VA Cat III examination*
* This can be arranged through any BINDT Approved Examination Centre (AEC)
* Applications should be made to BINDT at least 2 working weeks before the exam date
Note: The BINDT PCN VA Cat III certificate will only be awarded after 36 months relevant logged VA experience.
† Number of examples in a particular task  
Note: The workbook has 24 Tasks with a total of 55 separate examples

Course Material:

Each delegate receives a comprehensive taskbased workbook with clear syllabus-based information and diagrams, pictures and practical examples: This references ISO 18436-2 and BINDT
PCN CM Gen App D syllabus.

Key Learning Outcomes

After completing this course, you should achieve the following learning outcomes:

  • Be able to set-up vibration monitoring for Cat I & Cat II personnel for routine data collection
  • Be able to carry out advanced signal analysis and define acquisition and analysis settings to collect data appropriate to the machine(s) monitored
  • Be able to perform advanced (single and twin-channel) impact tests to determine natural frequencies
  • Be able to interpret & evaluate test results  from routine analysis & acceptance tests in accordance with specifications and standards
  • Be able to diagnose advanced faults & recommend corrective actions including carrying out single and twin-plane balancing of rigid rotors
  • Be able to provide technical guidance to, 

and instruct Category I & II personnel


The course is based on ISO Standards including:
ISO 18436-2:2014, ISO 7919 series, ISO 10816
Series, ISO 17359:2011, ISO 13373 series

Course information

Course Code 301.07
Course Title Vibration Analysis Category 3
Details BINDT PCN Accredited to ISO 18436-2 (BINDT PCN Certification Exam)
Certification YES
Partnership BINDT
Language English
Course Duration 40

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